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First Conditional in English Grammar

First Conditional in English Grammar

by Nov 15, 2019English Grammar Tips, English Time Ask Elo

First Conditional in English Grammar

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First Conditional

First Conditional in English Grammar

The Secret to English Vocabulary The first conditional in action – English grammar

 

 

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First Conditional in English Grammar

What is the first conditional (possible conditional) in English grammar?

Asked by @ Moises Das Acassias Rubras Moises (Community English Student)

First Conditional in English Grammar

Answered by @ Elo Kasia

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The Zero 0 Conditional in English Grammar

First Conditional in English Grammar  @ Moises Das Acassias Rubras Moises, Thank you for your question.

First Conditional in English Grammar  As usual, I will try to explain the difference using simple language and plenty of examples.

 

First Conditional in English Grammar

 

What are conditional sentences?
What is the first conditional? When do we use the first conditional?
Form of first conditional
What is the difference between “if” and “when” in the first conditional?
Short quizzes about The zero 0 Conditional in English Grammar

The 4 Types of Conditionals in English
Zero Conditional in English Grammar
Current Post –  First Conditional in English Grammar
Second Conditional in English Grammar
Third Conditional in English Grammar

 

First Conditional in English Grammar

What is the first conditional (possible conditional) in English grammar?

 

 

First Conditional in English Grammar

 

Daily grammar lesson with Elo Kasia. What is the first conditional (possible conditional) in English grammar? A simple explanation with plenty of examples.

 

First Conditional in English Grammar  What are conditional sentences?

 

 

Conditional sentences are used to talk about events and their results. They are made of a condition and a result. The two events are connected, as one event is a condition for the other event to happen.
  1. Factual conditional (zero conditional) / Form: Present Simple — Present Simple
  2. Possible conditional (first conditional) / Form: Present Simple — will + verb
  3. Present unreal conditional (second conditional) / Form: Past Simple — would + verb
  4. Past unreal conditional (third conditional) / Form: Past Perfect — would have +Past Participle

 

 

First Conditional in English Grammar  What is the first conditional? When do we use the first conditional?

 

 

The first conditional also called the possible conditional, is used to talk about possible future events and their likely results. It is similar to the zero conditional, but here, we talk about specific situations, rather than general ones.
The events we describe are likely to happen, or we believe they are likely to happen in the (usually) near future. Of course, we don’t know the future but we guess, or predict what may happen.

 

 

 

First Conditional in English Grammar  Form of first conditional

 

 

  • Condition clause: if/ when/ unless/ as soon as + Present Simple — Main clause: will + infinitive

 

(Note: even though we refer to the future, we use the Present Simple tense in the first part).

As with other conditionals, we can change the order of sentences. Also note that although we use “if” most often, we can also use “when”, “unless” ( = if not) and “as soon as.” The clauses can be negative or positive, so make sure you know the correct negative form of Present Simple (doesn’t and don’t) and will (will not=won’t).

 

First Conditional in English Grammar Have a look at these examples:

 

Examples of 1st conditional with “if”:
  • Positive: If it is sunny tomorrow, we will go to the beach.
  • Negative: If it isn’t sunny, we won’t go to the beach.
  • If you take the bus, it will be cheaper.
  • If you go to bed now, you won’t be tired tomorrow.
  • We will be late if we don’t hurry up.
  • They’ll be late if the train is delayed.
  • She’ll miss the bus if she doesn’t leave soon.
  • I’ll tell her if I see her.

 

 

Examples of first conditional with “when”:
  • When we arrive at the station, I will take your bags.
  • We will notify you when the parcel arrives.
  • When you call this number, you will be connected to the operator.
  • I will tell him when I see him that you want to speak to him.

 

 

Examples of first conditional with “unless”:
  • “Unless” means the same as “if not”. After “unless” the verb stays in the positive form.
  • Unless we hurry, we will miss the class. (not: Unless we don’t hurry…)
  • He will be in trouble unless he shows up soon.
  • Unless they do at least half of the exercises, they will fail the test.
  • The insurance will not cover fire damage unless your house has working smoke alarms.

 

 

Examples of first conditional with “as soon as”:
  • As soon as they arrive, we will set off.
  • Gary will give you a call as soon as he returns from work.
  • As soon as the alarm goes off, you will need to leave the room.
  • They will finish writing as soon as the time is up.

 

 

 

First Conditional in English Grammar  What is the difference between “if” and “when” in the first conditional?

You have seen above some examples of usage of “if” and “when”. When we use “if” and “when” with the zero conditional, the meaning is practically the same, as we refer to general situations. So, for example:
  • “If it rains, the roads are wet” means the same as “When it rains, the roads are wet.”

 

However, in the first conditional the meaning is slightly different.
Compare these two sentences:
“Are you going out later? Perhaps. If I go out, I will send you a message.”
Here: If I go out=it is possible that I will go out, I am not sure yet.
“Are you going out later? Yes, I am. When I go out, I will send you a message.”
Here: If I go out=I’m going out for sure

 

First Conditional in English Grammar  Study these examples:

  • I’m going to work now. When (not if) I come back, we will play.
  • I’m going to work now. If I come back early, we will go to the park together.

 

 

“When” and “as soon as” describe situations which are more likely to happen, whereas “if” and “unless” describe less likely situations.

 

The best way to practise the 1st conditional sentences is to think of events around us which are possible to happen. Try making sentences when one thing depends on another happening in your everyday life. For example, If the weather is nice, I will…; If it rains tomorrow, I will (I won’t) … ; If I have time next weekend, I will …; If I see him/her, I will…

 

Also, make sure you follow our *TT exercises to gain fluency in using the first conditional in English grammar.

 

Check my other articles here: All English Time Ask Elo – Learning Articles

 

First Conditional in English Grammar English Grammar Test Time (TT)

 

Take a short first Conditional in English Grammar test now!

 

 

This is a timed quiz. You will be given 60 seconds to answer all questions. Are you ready?

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Unless we ____ now, we will miss the show.

Correct! Wrong!

When I come back, we ____ lunch.

Correct! Wrong!

If you go to bed early tonight, you ___ tired tomorrow.

Correct! Wrong!

We can go to the cinema tomorrow if you ___ the tickets.

Correct! Wrong!

If you ___ busy now, I will call you later.

Correct! Wrong!

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First Conditional in English Grammar

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