Guides For Asbestos and Mesothelioma Survival Rates
Guides For Asbestos and Mesothelioma Survival Rates
This is a very Simple guide for asbestos and mesothelioma cancer survival rates.
- What is Mesothelioma?
- Asbestos Exposure and Low Mesothelioma Survival Rates
- What is asbestos?
- Types of asbestos
- Asbestos exposure is the main cause of Mesothelioma cancer
- Mesothelioma Symptoms
- Mesothelioma Life Expectancy and Mesothelioma survival rates
- Mesothelioma Treatment
Mesothelioma is a rare and deadly cancer caused by asbestos exposure. It affects the tissue that lines organs in the body. This double tissue layer is called the mesothelium. Classifying mesothelioma by type depends on the part of the mesothelium in which the primary tumor has grown. Peritoneal mesothelioma starts in the peritoneum, the lining of the abdominal organs.
The five-year survival rate for mesothelioma is approximately 6%.
Cancer Council. 2018. Mesothelioma. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/mesothelioma.html. [Accessed 31 January 2019].
Mesothelioma. Digital image. Mayo Clinic. August 11, 2017, Image URL.
“Mesothelioma is an aggressive and deadly form of cancer. Treatments are available, but for many people with mesothelioma, a cure is not possible. Asbestos is the primary risk factor for mesothelioma. Reducing your exposure to asbestos — directly and secondhand — may lower your risk of mesothelioma.
MayoClinic. 2017. Living With Cancer: The connection between asbestos and mesothelioma. [ONLINE] Available at: https://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/living-with-cancer-the-connection-between-asbestos-and-mesothelioma/. [Accessed 31 January 2019].”
“Mesothelioma that can develop decades after exposure to asbestos. Mesothelioma usually targets the outer membrane of the lungs (pleura), but can also occur in the membrane lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). Uncommonly, the heart or reproductive organs may be affected.
Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer. Malignant (cancerous) cells develop in the mesothelium, the protective sac that covers most of the body’s internal organs. Mesothelioma generally starts in the outer membrane of the lungs (pleura), but can also occur in the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). Uncommonly, the heart or reproductive organs may be affected. Treatment depends on where the cancer is found and whether it has spread.
Currently, there is no cure for mesothelioma unless it is found early and can be removed through surgery. Unfortunately, symptoms of mesothelioma do not usually show up until it is in its late stages. This means mesothelioma is most often diagnosed when it has already advanced beyond the option of surgical removal. If this is the case, treatment will aim to prolong life and keep the person as comfortable as possible.
Australia has one of the highest rates of mesothelioma in the world. This is due to the high rate of asbestos use and mining over many years. In 2007 there were nearly 600 people diagnosed with mesothelioma in Australia. Of these new cases, 81percentt were men.
In Victoria, in 2011, there were nearly 131 cases diagnosed. Experts believe the number of people diagnosed with asbestos-related diseases will not peak until 2020. Since 1980, there have been about 13,000 new cases of mesothelioma in Australia.
Better Health Victoria. 2014. Mesothelioma. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/mesothelioma. [Accessed 31 January 2019].”
Hazard: A piece of asbestos roofing. Digital image. NEWCASTLE HERALD. July 04, 2018, Image URL.
“Asbestos is the name used for a group of naturally occurring minerals. They have resistance to high temperatures and fire and make effective insulators and so were popular in building products in Australia from the 1940s to 1987. Asbestos-containing materials include:
- flat and corrugated sheeting
- cement pipes
- floor tiles
- automobile parts such as brake pads
- textured paints.
According to The Australian Government’s Asbestos and Eradication Agency report.
Asbestos is a naturally-occurring mineral fiber.
Historically, it has been mined and used by many industries worldwide.
Asbestos was once considered to be a very useful mineral because it is flexible, strong, affordable and can insulate from heat and electricity. Because of this, it was commonly used in the construction of homes and buildings.
Exposure to asbestos fibres can cause life-threatening illnesses, so use of asbestos has been greatly reduced and it is now banned in 61 countries.
There are six types of asbestos mineral fibres:
Australia Asbestos and Eradication Agency. 2017. About asbestos. [ONLINE] Available at https://www.asbestossafety.gov.au/about-asbestos/about-asbestos. [Accessed 9 May 2019].”
Asbestos is extremely fibrous and the tiny fibers are easily breathed in where they can become trapped in the lungs. Being exposed to asbestos increases the risk of developing cancers of the lung, ovary, and larynx as well as mesothelioma (cancer of the lining of the lung). These cancers often develop decades after exposure to asbestos.
Cancer Council. 2018. Asbestos. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.cancer.org.au/preventing-cancer/workplace-cancer/asbestos.html. [Accessed 31 January 2019].”
Hazard: A piece of asbestos roofing. Digital image. Cancer Council QLD. Nov 21, 2018, Image URL.
The most common pleural mesothelioma symptoms are chest pain, pleural effusions (fluid buildup), painful breathing and a persistent cough.
The most common symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma are stomach pains, ascites (fluid buildup), unexplained weight loss and loss of appetite.
The most common symptoms of the pericardial mesothelioma are chest pains, pericardial effusion (fluid buildup) and heart murmurs.
Mesothelioma Guide. 2018. Mesothelioma Symptoms – Critical Signs to Watch For. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.mesotheliomaguide.com/mesothelioma/symptoms/. [Accessed 05 May 2019].”
“Average life expectancy for mesothelioma patients is 12 – 21 months. How long a patient lives depends on several factors, including age, stage of the disease and overall health. Approximately 40% of patients live past one year, and 9% live longer than five years. A malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive form of cancer with symptoms that don’t typically show up until the later stages. Life expectancy for mesothelioma patients is generally short, especially without treatment, and varies significantly from patient to patient based on a number of individual factors and circumstances. Long-term survival is extremely rare, with fewer than 10% of patients living beyond five years. Early detection and quality health care are the most important factors in improving one’s prognosis.”
Mesothelioma Surgery. Digital image. Mesothelioma Help. 2018, Image URL.
“Surgery is the most effective way for mesothelioma patients to extend their life expectancy. There are surgical options for pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma. Multimodal therapy is a combination of two or more treatment options, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Overall, using more than one treatment has improved the life expectancy of patients with mesothelioma in any location, pleural or peritoneal. “
The most common treatment for mesothelioma involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Supportive treatments can help relieve symptoms and improve quality of life for many mesothelioma patients.
Patients diagnosed in the early stages benefit most from surgery. It offers them the best chance at living longer lives. These procedures remove tumors from the chest area and improve quality of life.
Doctors may recommend chemotherapy to patients who are not eligible for surgery. This mesothelioma treatment also helps extend survival rates. A 2016 Wayne State University study found patients given a combination of chemo drugs lived three times longer than patients without it.
Radiation therapy controls symptoms when surgery is not an option. It eases symptoms such as chest pain and discomfort. And it can also reduce the risk of local recurrence when combined with surgery.
asbestos.com. 2018. Mesothelioma Treatment. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.asbestos.com/treatment/. [Accessed 10 May 2019].”