What is the Present Perfect Tense structure and How to use it correctly

by | Jan 15, 2019 | English and Study Tips

Lawrence Izabell

Community Mentor (Romania)

  • Leadership strengths (Level 13)
  • Mentor (Level 2)

What is the Present Perfect Tense structure and How to use it correctly

What is the present perfect tense?

There is always a connection with the past and with the present. Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations.

Present perfect tense can be used to describe

  • an action that is being repeated action
  • an action that has not yet been finished
  • an action that was completed in the recent past
  • an action when the time was not an important aspect

Present Perfect Forms

 “has/have + past participle” 

The present perfect is formed using has/have + past participle. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and has/have. Negatives are made with not.

How do you write the present perfect tense?

 

Common Examples of Present Perfect:

 

  • Has lived: She has lived here all her life.
  • Have written: They have written four letters already.
  • Have worked: I have worked here since I graduated university.
  • Has done: He has finished his homework.
  • Have been: We have been to Australia.
  • Has forgotten: She has forgotten her key.
  • I have lost my purse.
  • We have seen this movie already.
  • He has broken his leg.
  • There has been an accident.
  • We haven’t seen her today.
  • They have been to the mall twice this month.
  • She has watched that show three times this week.
  • The children have made a mess in the kitchen.
  • He has started a new job.
  • She has finished her chores.
  • Where have I left my sandals?
  • Have you visited England?
  • Has she met John?

General Tips:

The present perfect tense is an important part of English grammar. It demonstrates that actions or events in the past have an effect on the present situation. We use the Present Perfect to talk about experience, change and continuing situation.

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