Prepositions Exercises and Grammar rules – Mohamed Abd Grammar Guides Vol.1
Prepositions Exercises and Rules – Mohamed Abd Grammar Guide Vo.1
By: Mohamed Abd
Community Mentor (Syria)
Mohamed Abd is an experienced, friendly and caring English tutor from Syria. Mohamed loves to share his knowledge with others.
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Prepositions Exercises and Grammar Rules
Mohamed Abd Grammar Guide Vo.1
Prepositions Exercises and Grammar Rules – Prepositions of Place
Prepositions of Place
TO and AT
TO is used for movement from one place to another.
EXAMPLE: I walk to school every day.
AT is used to denote position or rest.
EXAMPLE: He is waiting at the door.
IN and INTO
IN denote position or rest inside something.
EXAMPLE: The pencil is in the box.
INTO denotes movements towards the inside of something.
EXAMPLE: They walk into the room.
Prepositions Exercises and Grammar Rules – Prepositions of Time
Prepositions of Time
AT, ON, IN
AT is used with the exact time.
EXAMPLE: He came at 8 o’clock in the morning.
ON is used with days and dates.
EXAMPLE: On Monday I usually visit my Uncle. My birthday is on the fifth of January.
IN is used with a period of time.
EXAMPLE: In summer the weather is warm.
Prepositions Exercises and Grammar Rules – ORDER OF WORDS
THE CORRECT ORDER OF WORDS
( 1 ) SUBJECT ( 2 ) VERB ( 3 ) OBJECT
1. The object is usually placed immediately after the verb.
EXAMPLE: I speak English very well.
2. The indirect object usually comes before the direct object without a preposition.
EXAMPLE: I gave him the money.
3. An expression of time comes after an expression of place.
EXAMPLE: We stayed there all day.
4. Adverbs of time and degree, such as always, often, never, nearly, hardly, scarcely, are placed before the verb, or between the auxiliary and the verb.
EXAMPLES: I never see that man, or l have never seen that man.
NOTE. But with the verb to be the adverb is placed after the verb: as “He is never late.”
5. In compound verbs with two auxiliaries, not is placed after the first one.
EXAMPLE: He could not have been there.
7. In the negative infinitive, not comes before to.
EXAMPLE: I told him not to go there.
Prepositions Exercises and Grammar Rules – THE DEFINITE ARTICLE
THE DEFINITE ARTICLE ( THE )
As a rule, nouns in English take no article when used in a general sense, but if they are used in a particular sense the article is needed. Note the article difference in the use or omission of the article:
( 1 ) With plural nouns:
Horses are strong animals.
The horses in the field belong to the farmer.
( 2 ) With abstract nouns:
Wisdom is a great virtue.
The wisdom of Solomon was famous.
( 3 ) With material nouns:
Water is necessary for life.
The water in the kitchen is hot.
( 4 ) With days, months, and seasons:
Summer is a hot season.
The summer of last year was very hot.
( 5 )With names of languages:
English is spoken all over the world.
The English spoken by him is not correct.
( 6 ) With names of meals:
Breakfast is at eight o’clock.
The breakfast I had this morning was heavy.
( 7 ) With names of colors:
Blue is my favorite color.
The blue in that picture has faded.
Prepositions Exercises and Grammar Rules – THE USE OF THE GERUND
THE USE OF THE GERUND
The gerund (and not the infinitive) should be used:
1. After preposition.
Examples: He worked without stopping. She played instead of working.
2. Afterwords which regularly take a preposition, such as fond of, insist on, tired of, succeed in.
Examples: I am tired of doing the work again. He succeeded in killing the tiger.
3. After certain verbs, such as avoid, enjoy, finish, stop, risk, the excuse.
Examples: Boys enjoy playing football. The has stopped blowing.
4. After the adjectives busy and worth.
Examples: He was busy writing a book. This date is worth remembering.
5. After certain phrases, such as it’s no use, it’s no good, l can’t help, would you mind, look forward to.
Examples: I think it’s no use trying again. I can’t help feeling angry about it.
The gerund or the infinitive can be used after certain verbs, such as, begin, like, dislike, hate, love, prefer.
Example: He began to talk or He began talking.
Prepositions Exercises and Grammar Rules – PAST PERFECT
We use the past perfect to :
1. clarify which of two past actions happened first.
EXAMPLE: When he arrived, his parents had eaten lunch.
2. talk about a situation, feeling, or action in the past.
Tim felt nervous because he had never flown before.
3. provide background information about a past event.
At last, he won the race. He had run 20 kilometers non-stop.
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