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Third person singular – Learn English Grammar
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The Basic English Grammar rule for the third person singular
First, Let me share with you a useful learn English youtube video which created by popular learn English grammar youtube channel and by English tutor “Éric Lavoie”. In Eric’s learn English grammar video, Éric Lavoie has clearly explained the basic English grammar rules for third person singular rule for verbs in the present tense.
The third person singular rule video
Thank you, “youTube\Éric Lavoie” for his very informative video about the third person singular rule.
How to use the third person singular?
Third person singular pronouns common grammar rules
With the pronouns, he, she, it, or any singular noun, the verb in the present tense takes a special ending.-s or -es :
Third person singular pronouns examples:
- she sings
- it stops
- the sun rises.
- he works
Third person singular verbs common grammar rules
When the first person of the verbs ends in s, x, ch, sh or o, the third person singular takes -es:
Third person singular verbs examples:
- I watch / he watches
- l finish / he finishes
- l fix / he fixes
- l go / he goes
Third person singular first person of the verb ends in -y grammar rules
When the first person of the verb ends in -y with a consonant before it, the third person singular is formed by changing y to ies:
Third person singular first person of the verb ends in -y examples:
- I carry / he carries
- l study / he studies
- l fly / he flies
NOTE. If there is a vowel before the -y, we add only s for the third person singular:
- he plays
- he enjoys
- he obeys.
Third person singular irregular verbs grammar rules
A few verbs are irregular in the third person singular
These irregular third people singular verbs are:
- I am
- he is
- l have
- he has
- l do
- he does
- l say
- he says
Third person singular not changeable verbs grammar rules
The verbs shall, will, can, may, must, and ought to NOT change their form in the third person singular:
Third person singular Not changeable verbs examples
- I shall
- he shall
- I will
- he will
- I can
- he can
- l may
- he may
- I must
- he must
REMEMBER: Like the plural of nouns, the third person singular of verbs in the present tense takes -s or -es.
Thank you for reading my “The Basic English Grammar rule for the third person singular” learn English article. I hope I have answered all your questions about the third person singular rules.
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